Remember

Throughout my years living in London I have passed by the Westminster Abbey during the remembrance day almost every year. And although I had the wish to stop and visit the place where hundreds of people come to pay homage to the soldiers and people who died in the II World War and other wars, I actually never did it, for one reason or another.

So one day I decided that I should not only pay a visit, but I wanted also to make a film about it, even if a short one. Armed with my camera, tripod and other tools I spend an afternoon filming the site. It was an interesting day that reminded me the sorrows of the war, the pain we humans inflict to each other based on greed and ignorance, the sadness of the families who never saw again their loved ones return back home.

This film is an homage to the brave people who fought in the II World War but also a reflexion about war and its painful reality.

A reality that still haunts us all. We have had enough wars, more than ever we need peace. Understanding between people and different cultures is a must if we are to develop a more compassionate planet based on equality and respect for each other.

Embracing Death & Dying

Today at Kagyu Samye Dzong London took place an important event:

Embracing Death & Dying, a celebration of life through reflexion on death. The celebration

had free talks and workshops on subjects such as writing a will, the Buddhist approach to death and dying and

organizing a funeral. At the Death Cafe people discussed the taboo subject that many of us try to avoid.

It was a great event that attracted many people.

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Soul Immigrants at 299 The Venue

The Soul Immigrants played at 299 The Venue on friday the 14th November 2014.

It was a gig charged with energetic funk/soul music, and a great performance by the whole band.

Led by Emrys Baird (Guitar/Vocals), the Soul Immigrants introduced some new songs as well as

their old classic ones.

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Portrait of a Soulman

After a few months working on the project I am pleased to show my new short documentary film. The film shows an intimate portrait of Emrys Baird, lead singer and guitarist of The Soul Immigrants. I followed Emrys playing in three different venues on his own and with his Trio. While most of the songs on the film are cover, Emrys is also a brilliant musician and songwriter, so please check his website http://www.thesoulimmigrants.com fto listen to some of his original songs.

 

Filmmaking Workshop

I want to thank all the participants of the Filmmaking with DSLR workshop. You were all amazing,

interacting all the time, shooting really nice footage and recording good sound. We went through various techniques

and the result are clear on the video we produced togehther. Many thanks and enjoy!

 

Filmmaking with DSLRs

WORKSHOP: Filmmaking with DSLR  

This will be a great opportunity for you to develop your skills as a filmmaker using a DSLR.

DSLRs have been used for all sorts of films and videos since the introduction of a video mode by Canon on the popular Canon 5DMKII DSLR. Other makers soon followed the idea by introducing video to their cameras too, notably Panasonic with their Lumix range (GH1, GH2 and GH3). Thus the potential for creating quality moving images is better than ever, given the fact that they allow for the use of different lenses, which in turn contributes to a more cinematic look. Some of those cameras are quite affordable, if compared to cinema cameras, and in being so they have greatly contributed to the accessibility of newcomers into filmmaking.

Of course the tools are important, but more important is to have an understanding  about the way they work and how to make the DSLR image look great in your film.

So in this workshop you will learn how to make the most of a DSLR when used for  video. Some of the topics will include:

  • Camera settings: How to set your DSLR for filmmaking
  • Lenses
  • Filters
  • Depth of Field
  • Using and maximizing available light
  • Using Reflectors
  • Using Sliders and dolly to convey movement
  • How to record good quality audio (recording audio separately)
  • Synchronizing audio to video
  • Microphone placement
  • Using a shotgun microphone & wireless microphone
  • How to boom properly

This will be a two days hands on workshop for anyone who wants to improve their skills with a DSLR that shoots video.

You should have your own DSLR & tripod, though not essential for this workshop.

 

12 Hours

Duration:    2 days (6 hours each day – From 10.30am to 4.30pm)

Dates     :    30 & 31 August 2014

Location:    Bonnington Centre

Address:     11 Vauxhall Groove, SW8 1TD

Maximum:  10 People

Price       :    £ 120,00 per participant

 Contact: Chico Dall’Inha on 07511211581 (Registration)

Bonnington Square is a lovely and greenish place at the heart of Vauxhall, with a lovely Italian Deli and a vegetarian restaurant.

The workshop place is only 5 minutes walk from Vauxhall Tube Station.

 

 

 

Image Sensors

Written by Chico Dall’Inha

Today aspiring filmmakers are graced with a choice of digital video and film cameras that, in some ways have made much easier for newcomers to shooting their film. The choice o digital cameras available have changed the film landscape considerably allowing all sorts of film to be produced with good enough quality in terms of image and audio regardless of budget. The digital age has contributed to speed up film production and post-production due to its image immediacy. With digital, you shoot and you have the image instantly, whereas with film there is the need to send to a lab to process the image, which in turn adds to the overall cost of the production. The point here is not to discuss which one is better, digital or film, but to acknowledge that for the independent filmmaker the digital age is causing a revolution.

But if the development of new digital cameras in recent years have presented us with different choices, it has also made more difficult to understand the different technical aspects and specifications.

This series of short articles and tutorials have the objective to help newcomers to have a better understanding of equipment and software available in today’s video and film market, and perhaps help you to decide which way you go according to your needs and budget. Far from pretending to be an ultimate guide, it sheds a bit of light on some subjects of interest for low budget filmmakers.

We start this series with an overview of image sensors, their differences, and characteristics.

 Image Sensors 

Every digital video and digital film camera uses an image sensor to capture light and consequently turn into a processed final image that is recorded into a card (SSD, SD, Flash Card or external drive). Image Sensors can vary in size, resolution, and format. While in the early days of the digital cameras the frame format was the well-known standard definition, nowadays it’s common to most cameras to record high definition with a frame format of 16×9. High Definition cameras have been in the market now for a few years and their quality varies according to their processor and sensor capabilities, that is what determines how good is the final image output. But technology never stops and the latest development has brought us cameras with 2K and 4K formats.

High Definition cameras have been in the market now for a few years and their quality varies according to their processor and sensor capabilities, that is what determines how good is the final image output. But technology never stops and the latest development has brought us cameras with 2K, 4K and 8K formats.

In simple words, 4K means four times the size of high definition, that in turn brings unprecedented detail to the image in a more cinematic format and closer to what our eyes can perceive and see. Cinema cameras such as the RED EPIC, ARRI ALEXA, Canon C-500, Sony PMW-F55 and most recently the Sony Venice Cinema camera which carries a full frame sensor, are examples of digital cinema cameras development and can be found in use in all sorts of film productions, from Hollywood feature to independent and short films. And although the above-mentioned cameras are far from our reach due to their price, a new breed of cameras equipped with a super 35 sensor have been in the market for a few years now with new models continually coming up, such as Blackmagic Cinema Cameras, Canon C-200, Sony FS5 with its incredible design and electronic neutral density filter, Sony FS7 and others. They all record high-quality images in HD, 2K, 4k and raw. These cameras are well priced and extremely affordable if compared to the big boys such as Red Epic, Sony F55, and Arri Alexa. All those are dedicated cinema cameras and are designed only to shoot video/film.

Then there are the DSLR cameras, such as the classic full frame Canon 5DMKII, which paved the way for DSLRs filmmaking, followed by Canon 7D and others. Soon we had more companies coming into the game and we saw Panasonic bringing to light the Lumix range starting with Lumix GH1, that if wasn’t groundbreaking in terms of image quality, it was still a great tool in terms of features for independent filmmakers. From the Lumix GH1 Panasonic stepped up to the GH2, which could be hacked to an extent to achieve great image quality. The GH2 was and still is favored amongst a great number of low budget filmmakers. The Lumix GH3 superseded the GH2 with better bitrate without the need to hack the firmware. All the DSLRs and DSLM cameras mentioned above record HD 1080p or 1080i using Flashcards or SD cards. Compared to mini DV cameras the DSLRs were a breath of fresh air allowing filmmakers to make use of different focal length lenses, which consequently allowed for more control over depth of field. And as if it was not enough Panasonic has just stepped up again and launched the Lumix GH5, an amazing DSLM camera packed with professional features and a great codec. In fact, the camera market has never been so good with great DSLR cameras available from all big companies such as the Sony A7 series of full-frame cameras and also Nikon and Canon cameras.

So what’s the difference between the cameras mentioned above in terms of sensor size and its implications? While the RED, ARRI Alexa, Sony F55 Cinema Camera and Sony F5 use a Super 35mm sensor, the Panasonic Lumix GH5 uses an MFT sensor to capture video in 4K, the Canon 7D uses an APS-C sensor and Sony A7SII and Nikon D850 have a full frame sensor. Most recently Sony has launched the Venice cinema camera with a full frame sensor, the first full frame cinema camera.

Below is a comparative chart that shows the different sensors sizes and crop factor.

Sensor Chart by Chico Dall'Inha .png

 

Sensor size

Larger sensors capture more light than smaller sensors.  As an analogy, think of a large and a small window. The same size room with a large window will receive more light and consequently be brighter than a smaller window. The same rule applies for image sensors. A Super 35mm sensor receives less light than a Full Frame sensor. Larger sensors also allow for a shallower depth of field, i.e. when we want to separate our main subject (actor/actress) from a distracting background. On the other hand, a smaller sensor can provide a wider depth of field than larger sensors. Focus on large sensor tends to be more critical and less forgiven than with smaller sensors, this is true especially with 4K cameras. Hence the need of a focus puller for cinema and DSLR cameras.

Pixel count and size

Another factor that contributes for more light in a sensor is pixel size. The bigger the pixel the more light it absorbs making for a better image. A large sensor with a high pixel count tends to produce more noise than the same sensor with less but bigger pixels. That is the case with new Sony Alpha A7SII, a full frame DSLR camera that can record 4K. The Sony A7SII has a full frame CMOS sensor with 12MP.

Camera size

DSLRs Camera with large sensor tends to be heavier and bulkier than it’s smaller siblings. Panasonic Lumix GH5 and Olympus OM-D EM-1 are small and take smaller lenses than the Canon, Nikon and some other DSLRs. For an independent filmmaker, this might weight on the final decision depending on someone’s style of shooting and location.

Crop Factor

The zoom-in effect (Image Crop) happens when a 35mm SLR lens with a specific focal length is used on a camera with a smaller sensor. If we use a 35mm DSLR lens with a 50mm focal length on MFT camera, that lens will become the equivalent of a 100mm lens. It is appropriate to say that the maximum aperture of the lens remains the same but less light will reach the sensor due to its smaller size. Whereas the same lens used on full frame camera will remain a 50mm lens.

 

Chico Dall’Inha is a filmmaker, director, and editor. His most recent film AKONG: A Remarkable Life has been released in March 2017 and is currently being screened in many places around the world. Chico is also an Associate Lecturer at the Goldsmiths University of London.

Compassion beyond Culture

On the 24th May, a Conference on the life of Chöje Akong Tulku Rinpoche took place at Wolfson College in Oxford. The conference presided by Khenpo Tsultrim Lodro Rinpoche from Serthar Monastery in Tibet, was organized with the aim to trace a concise picture of Akong Rinpoche’s life through the coming together of the various people who have been involved in his journey of helping others. The Conference was organized by Dr. Mingji Cuomu (Oxford University) and Gelong Thubten (Kagyu SamyeLing) and had a high number of people attending.

khenpo Tsultrim Lodro Rinpoche copy Ken Holmes

Lea Wyler at Conference I      Mingji Tsuomo copy

The Soul Immigrants Trio

With an electrifying mix of cool soul guitar (Emrys Baird) ,  Hammond organ (Stu Ross) and  upbeat drums (David Bouet) The Soul Immigrants Trio captured the heart of the public present at The Loft on Saturday 10th May. Led by Emrys Baird the band unleashed a repertoire of killer classic soul songs  with a memorable performance by the group at this cool and cosy venue.

Photos by Chico Dall’Inha

Emrys      Emrys_Gig_CD_IMG_1965 small